Endocrine Glands

Understanding, Activating & Healing The Endocrine Glands

Endocrine glands are in a system of glands that secrete hormones directly into the blood rather than through a duct. Endocrine system glands are the ADRENALS, TESTES, OVARIES, PANCREAS, HYPOTHALAMUS, THYROID, PARATHYROID, PINEAL & PITUITARY.

The ability of a target cell to respond to a hormone depends on the presence of receptors, within the cell or on its plasma membrane, to which the hormone can bind. Hormone receptors are dynamic structures. Changes in number and sensitivity of hormone receptors may occur in response to high or low levels of stimulating hormones and of endocrine antagonists (toxins), also known as receptor antagonists.

Blood levels of hormones reflect a balance between secretion and degradation/excretion. The liver and kidneys are the major organs that degrade hormones; breakdown products are excreted in urine and feces.
Hormone half-life and duration of activity are limited
from hormone to hormone.




THE ADRENALS (1st Chakra-Red-Ruby)
The adrenal glands are small glands located on top of each kidney. They produce hormones that you can’t live without, including sex hormones and cortisol. Cortisol helps you respond to stress and has many other important functions.

With adrenal gland disorders, your glands make too much or not enough hormones. The outer region, the adrenal cortex, secretes hormones which have important effects on the way in which energy is stored and food is used, on chemicals in the blood, and on characteristics such as hairiness and body shape. The smaller, inner region – the adrenal medulla – is part of the sympathetic nervous system and is the body’s first line of defense and response to physical and emotional stresses. Although you might think they would be symmetrical, this is actually not the case. The right adrenal gland is triangular shaped, whereas the left adrenal gland is shaped more like a half-moon. They are approximately 2.5 inches long and 1 inch wide, and they have a yellowish color.


Why are the adrenals located next to the kidneys? This is because they have a strong influence on your kidney function (as well as many other things) through the secretion of aldosterone. The word ‘adrenal’ actually comes from the Latin ‘ad renes’,
meaning near the kidney. There are three parts:
1-the capsule (protective layer of fat), 2- the Cortex (3 zones making up 80% of the adrenals), and 3- the Medulla (sits in the middle of the Medulla)


  1. The innermost layer of the Cortex produces DHEA and other sex hormones. Hormones like DHEA, DHEA-S and androstenedione are produced and secreted as needed. In men, these hormones can be converted into testosterone within the testes (although in practice, the testes can produce testosterone directly from cholesterol without the adrenal glands). In women, the adrenal glands are the primary source of these androgens (‘male’ sex hormones), and so they play a much more important role.


  2. The middle section of the cortex controls our levels. Cortisol and its related compounds are vitally important hormones that we literally cannot live without. They control our sleep/ waking cycle, they suppress inflammation, they help us generate energy from non- carbohydrate foods and they even regulate our blood pressure.


  3. The outermost layer of the cortex is to produce mineralocorticoids like aldosterone, which regulates our fluid and mineral balance. The medulla might only form 20% of the adrenal gland, but it is just as important as the larger cortex. Whereas the cortex is more concerned about regulating different levels in our bodies and keeping our bodies functioning efficiently, the medulla is all about managing our response to stress.

    The medulla secretes three different catecholamines, including epinephrine (adrenaline), norepinephrine, and dopamine. Also known as neurotransmitters, these stress hormones generate the primitive stress response that helps to keep us alive in moments of trauma or danger.

    When under stress, our brains send a signal to the adrenal glands which react instantly by releasing these stress hormones. Among other things, they slow down our digestion, increase our awareness and divert blood flow to important areas like our brain and muscles.

*ANTIDOTES FOR THE ADRENALS:
Most important, MELLOW OUT!
(meditate, positive affirmations, no stimulants AND a diet rich in alkalizing nutrients and enzymes, such as live foods and superfoods like sprouts and Spirulina).
The four classifications of foods are: (as laid down by the IBS)

  • Biogenic: cell-renewal, life regenerating – germinated cereal seeds, nuts, sprouted baby greens, wheatgrass, barley-grass & Spirulina.

  • Bioactive: life sustaining – organic, fresh vegetables, fruit or foods cooked at 105ºF

  • Biostatic: life processes slow down, aging processes accelerate (cooked foods, legumes must be cooked after sprouting first).

  • Biocidic: life destroying – processed, irradiated foods and drinks.




THE TESTES (2nd Chakra-Orange-Coral)
The main hormones secreted by the testes are sperm and testosterone. We know what sperm does, so we will talk a bit on Testosterone, an androgenic hormone. Testosterone is secreted by cells that lie between the seminiferous tubules, known as the Leydig cells. The testes also produce inhibin B and anti-Müllerian hormone from Sertoli cells, and insulin-like factor 3 and oestradiol from the Leydig cells.

Testosterone is important in the first stages of developing the male reproductive organs. It also causes the development of male characteristics such as growth of facial hair, deepening of the voice and the growth spurt that takes place during puberty. Testosterone is important in maintaining these secondary male characteristics throughout a man’s life. From puberty onwards, testosterone provides the main stimulus for sperm production.

*ANTIDOTE FOR THE TESTES:
Inspect monthly after warm bath, look for changes is size, lumps or pain. Contact health provider if changes are found. Eat as much vegetables and fresh food as possible. No frivolous ejaculations (5 mg zinc loss).




THE OVARIES
The ovaries two almond shaped glands located on either side of the womb and are the site of production and periodical release of egg cells, the female gametes. In the ovaries, the developing egg cell (or oocyte) grows within the environment provided by follicles. Follicles are composed of different types and number of cells according to the stage of their maturation, and their size is indicative of the stage of oocyte development. When the oocyte finishes its maturation in the ovary, a surge of luteinizing hormone secreted by the pituitary gland stimulates the release of the oocyte through the rupture of the follicle, a process called ovulation. The follicle remains functional and reorganizes into a corpus luteum, which secretes progesterone in order to prepare the uterus for an eventual implantation of the embryo.

Of bigger importance is that they produce estrogen, a powerful hormone with receptors found in the brain, breasts, heart, blood vessels, vagina, uterus, liver, bones, skin and intestines. Estrogen attaches to receptor sights like a key fits into a lock and as you can see affects many aspects of the body and plays an important role in the menstrual cycle. Too much estrogen (estrogen dominance) is often created by the liver’s inability to metabolize and effectively excrete old worn-out hormones and/or xenobiotics.

Xenobiotics are internal chemicals found in the human body that were not produced by the body or are not naturally consumed through the diet. Xenobiotics are dangerous compounds found in environmental toxins including pesticides, herbicides, fungicides, fertilizers, personal care products, air pollution and all drugs to mention a few. Xenobiotics are very dangerous to the endocrine system as they attach at estrogen receptor sites and function as contaminated weak estrogens. They are toxic, fat-soluble compounds that can disrupt and destroy the endocrine system.

Many xenobiotics are carcinogenic and must be converted by the liver into a water-soluble compound that can safely be eliminated from the body. If the liver is over-burdened, congested and does not have the nutritional support to eliminate these poisonous substances, they are stored in the liver which can eventually lead to liver damage or they are circulated through the body and placed back into fat tissue. Excessive toxic fat-tissue produce estrogen and promotes dangerous estrogen dominance. The liver processes all estrogen including the estrogen in hormone replacement therapy.

It is imperative to cleanse and nutritionally support your liver everyday with alkalizing, nutrient-dense foods.


ANTIDOTES FOR THE OVARIES:
Ginger, ginkgo biloba, green tea, high lignan flaxseed and omega 3 fatty acids are all remarkably effective at destroying ovarian cancer cells and tumors.




THE PANCREAS (3rd Chakra-Yellow-Amber-Mars & Sun)
The pancreas is the largest endocrine gland producing several important hormones, including insulin (which is used to escort sugar from our blood stream through the cell wall, into the cell for energy), glucagon (which helps get fat burned during sleep), somatostatin, (which reduces gas) and pancreatic polypeptide which circulate in the blood. The pancreas is also a digestive organ, secreting pancreatic juice containing digestive enzymes that assist digestion and absorption of nutrients in the small intestine. These enzymes help to further break down the carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids in the chyme.


ANTIDOTES FOR THE PANCREAS:
Eat enzyme rich foods to take the burden of enzyme production off this gland. Keep blood sugar at around 100 and go to bed with an empty stomach.




THE THYMUS (4TH Chakra-Green-Tourmaline-Venus)
The Thymus (located behind the sternum) secretes hormones with humurol factors only during puberty to make sure a healthy strong immune system develops.


ANTIDOTES FOR THE THYMUS:
Consume Omega 3 fatty acids, fresh vegetables, B-complex




THE HYPOTHALAMUS
The hypothalamus is located below the thymus and is part of the limbic system. It is the size of an almond. It is responsible for certain activities of the autonomic nervous system. It synthesizes and secretes certain neurohormones, called releasing hormones or hypothalamic hormones, and these in turn stimulate or inhibit the secretion of pituitary hormones. The hypothalamus controls body temperature, hunger, important aspects of parenting and attachment behaviors, thirst, fatigue,
sleep, and circadian rhythms.

The hypothalamus is a brain structure made up of distinct nuclei as well as less anatomically distinct areas. It is found in all vertebrate nervous systems. In mammals, magnocellular neurosecretory cells in the paraventricular nucleus and the supraoptic nucleus of the hypothalamus produce neurohypophysial hormones, oxytocin and vasopressin. These hormones are released into the blood in the posterior pituitary. Much smaller parvocellular neurosecretory cells, neurons of the paraventricular nucleus, release corticotropin-releasing hormone and other hormones into the hypophyseal portal system, where these hormones diffuse to the anterior pituitary. The hypothalamus also secretes hormones to make post-menopausal women’s bones stronger
by creating higher bone density.

New research shows the Hypothalamus to be involved with sexual orientation. These studies show that the hypothalamus of heterosexual men and homosexual women both respond to estrogen. Also, the hypothalamus of homosexual men and heterosexual women both respond to testosterone. The hypothalamus of all four groups did not respond to common odors, which produced a normal olfactory response in the brain.

The Hypothalamus also has a hand in functions involving Heart rate and Blood pressure, Body temperature, Fluid and Electrolyte balance (including thirst), Appetite and Body weight, Glandular secretions of the stomach and intestines, Production of substances that influence the Pituitary gland to release hormones & Sleep cycles.


*ANTIDOTES FOR THE HYPOTHALAMUS:
Consume Omega 3 fatty acids, hydrate well, take a quality probiotic, chromium, maca and an amino acid complex such as Sacred Seven.




THE THYROID (5TH Chakra-Bright Blue-Turquoise-Mercury)
A small butterfly shaped gland on the front of the neck just below the Adam’s apple & normally weighs a bit less than an ounce. The Thyroid is about 50% Iodine. The thyroid is responsible for manufacturing and secreting hormones into the blood & is actually under the control of the pituitary gland. The thyroid controls our temperature (hands and feet are cold if the thyroid is low), helps get rid of cellular waste (puffy face, arms & thighs if low), stimulates blood flow (brain fog = low thyroid), stimulates oxygen use in the liver, kidneys & muscles and it helps with sleep and mood (low thyroid = tiredness, insomnia and then agitation).

Once the hormones arrive at their destination they interact with receptors in the cell nucleus to affect the rate at which bodily functions happen. Hypothyroidism (under active) is the most common with about 9% of Americans afflicted. Women make up about 7% of the 9%. Symptoms may include mood swings, headaches, poor circulation, weight gain, depression, low energy and that overall “run down” feeling. Interestingly enough, these symptoms are also the hallmark side effect of most American’s fast-paced, fast food, high-stress lifestyle.

The thyroid hormone T3 (Triodothyronine) and T4 (Thyroxine) are the thyroid’s master hormones. The thyroid produces about 80% T4 & 20% T3. T3 produces about four times the hormone “strength” as T4. Iodine atoms and the amino acid Tyrosine are the main ingredients of these hormones. T3 has 3 iodine atoms and T4 has 4 iodine atoms. Up the chain of command (so to speak), TSH is secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate T3 & T4 release from the thyroid. Imagine the thyroid gland as the furnace & the pituitary gland as thermostats. Still further up the ladder, Thyrotropin Releasing Hormone (TRH) is secreted by the Hypothalamus to stimulate TSH from the pituitary gland.

A simple test to determine thyroid health was discovered by Dr, Broda Barnes. Take a mercury thermometer & shake it down below 95 degrees. Upon waking put snugly in armpit for ten minutes. Normal range is 97.8-98.2. Test for three or four days to be sure of the results. A temperature below 97.8 may indicate hypothyroidism & need further investigation & testing.

Common tests include:

  1. T3 resin uptake (Thyroid Hormone Binding Index or THBI). Most thyroid hormone in our blood is bound to certain proteins. Only a small amount is “free”. The resulting ratio from the test illuminates many facts.

  2. TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone) measurement. The more we have in our blood, the less thyroid hormone is being released from the thyroid. The pituitary will not secrete much TSH when our T4 blood levels are normal.

  3. Soy seems to affect women’s thyroid in a negative way. Adding iodine to soy can greatly diminish this negative influence. An overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) is known as Grave’s Disease. An inflamed thyroid (thyroiditis) is known a Hashimoto’s Disease. Selenium helps activate the thyroid.
    see Thyroid Manager
    or Hypothyroidism


    *ANTIDOTES FOR THYROID
    GUGGAL-Extract from the myrrh tree. Guggal is the resinous sap of a tough little ten foot tall tree (commiphora mukal) that grows amongst the rocky hillsides of India’s least populated arid regions. The tree’s pinkish brown flowers produce a small red fruit. Each tree yields about one pound of Guggal resin per year, which then requires further reduction and purification to provide a standardized level of the most highly valued constituents (2.5% Guggalsterones – 44mg per serving). Guggul contains essential oils, myrcene, Z and E guggulsterones, alpha-camphorene, various other guggulsterones, and makulol. The Z and E guggulsterones, extracted with ethyl acetate, are the constituents that appear to be responsible for lowering blood lipids.

    Its mention as a treasure in the Bible is over 2,500 years old & its mention in ancient Ayurvedic texts goes back nearly as far. It is used to lower cholesterol in a few different ways. One is by boosting thyroid function. When the thyroid is low, the liver makes fewer LDL receptors, (molecules whose job it is to pull LDL cholesterol out of the blood). Another way it lowers cholesterol is by improving the liver’s function and increasing the liver’s ability to absorb LDL cholesterol from the blood.

    Guggal is the Myrrh of the Bible’s sacred formulas. This resin has long been used in Ayurvedic medicine, which combined it with other plant products to cleanse and rejuvenate the body, especially the blood vessels and the joints. It was also used for sore throats and digestive complaints. It is also an anti-inflammatory, benefiting respiratory concerns and arthritis. Most interesting however, is how Guggal bolsters the thyroid, bringing this often sleepy organ closer to its full, vital, youthful efficiency, and enhancing our utilization of essential iodine – and creating a more youthful level of hormone production. Thyroid hormones are essential for turning lipids into productive energy at the potential net rate of about a pound per week, until reaching a youthful fat to muscle ratio, which our genetic blueprint specifies.

    Guggal is a most fascinating and complex extract with dozens upon dozens of hyper-exotic phytonutrients. A small handful of these have been identified as the primarily active components, but when isolated from their vast and complex life-created phytonutrient matrix, they do not function as anticipated. Only the complete concentrated resin extract contains the full compliment of phytonutrients, pure and clean of extraneous material, and with the primary constituents developed to a standardized level.

    As with all complex phytonutrient blends, Guggal’s beneficial results are diverse and far reaching. Guggal is a star among the Ayurved doctors as a catalyst of optimum lipid efficiency in the body. It positively impacts cholesterol as well as obesity. Guggal both slows the biosynthesis of cholesterol (the liver’s job) & facilitates excretion of excess cholesterol from the body. Other components in Guggal inhibit platelet aggregation (synergistic to Lecithin, Garlic & Ginkgo…) resulting in improved efficiency of blood. This means you get better cellular oxygenation, better nutrient delivery, & better toxin removal. With better protecting against the hazards of aggregation there is less risk of stroke.

    Guggal is also typically supplemented where there are gynecological disorders, a sluggish immune system or fungal infestations. In Chinese medicine, guggul is known as mo yao and is used to activate blood flow, relieve pain, and speed recovery. The normal dose is one 500-mg tablet, standardized at 2.5 % guggulsterones, three times daily.

    Because guggul is reported to stimulate the thyroid, it makes sense to monitor thyroid hormones in people using guggul for long-term treatment. People with liver problems should use guggul only under the supervision of a physician willing to monitor liver enzymes. Some people in the clinical trials reported mild digestive upset. There are no other reports of side effects, although increased thyroid gland activity could presumably lead to complications such as nervousness, weakness, palpitations, or eye problems. Guggul may not be appropriate for people with chronic diarrhea. No drug interactions have been reported.


    COLEUS FORSKOHLII
    Coleus Forskohlii is extremely complimentary to thyroid health because it aids with fat breakdown in the bloodstream & is abundant with the phytochemical Forskolin, which basically mimics TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) to promote healthy secretion of both T3 & T4.




    THE PARA THYROID
    The parathyroid glands are four tiny glands, located in the neck, that control the body’s calcium levels. Each gland is about the size of a grain of rice (weighs approximately 30 milligrams and is 3-4 millimeters in diameter). The parathyroids produce a hormone called parathyroid hormone (PTH). Vitamin D helps the intestines absorb calcium. However, the vitamin D must first be activated or “turned on” by parathyroid hormone (PTH). Once activated, vitamin D acts to greatly increase the amount of calcium that the intestines can absorb from food, sometimes by as much as two to four times.


    *ANTEDOTE FOR PARA THYROID:
    Practice the Gerson Therapy
    -helps ALL endocrine glands.




    THE PINEAL (6th Chakra-Indigo-Lapis or Quartz)
    The pineal gland, also known as the pineal body, is a small endocrine gland located in the epithalamus, behind the geometric center of the skull, The pineal may be our spiritual antennae, or simply put, the seat of our soul, near the center of the brain, between the two hemispheres, tucked in a groove where the two halves of the thalamus join, at the geometric center of our brain and is intimately linked to our body’s perception of light.

    The pineal gland produces melatonin, a serotonin derived hormone which modulates sleep patterns in both circadian and seasonal cycles. The Pineal remains uniquely isolated from the blood-brain barrier system, and receives a higher percentage of blood flow than any other area of the body save the kidneys. The pineal makes DMT, which rapidly heals our issues. Clean clear pineal glands create visionary attitudes, Also, when it clears, there is a feeling of being awake, remembering dreams, a shift. When the pineal clears there is synchronicity, a change in DNA that allow deep levels of compassion. We realize it starts with us, cleaning and clearing our control centers.

    The results of various scientific research in evolutionary biology, comparative neuroanatomy and neurophysiology, have explained the phylogeny of the pineal gland. From the point of view of biological evolution, the pineal gland represents a kind of atrophied photoreceptor.

    Plato considered the pineal to be our eye of wisdom, the “Epicenter of Enlightenment” — and a sacred symbol throughout history, in cultures around the world, has been the pinecone. The Hindus with the bindi or Buddha with the pine cone head, could it be any clearer. There is a line in Matthew that says, “The light of the body is the eye”. René Descartes believed the pineal gland to be the “principal seat of the soul”. The POPE carries a Papal Staff with a pine cone on it. There is a giant brass pinecone in the center of one of the courtyards at the Vatican as well. The guides say, “It is here because it is here”. Why then, is it present in the Vatican City? What kind of meaning do they (the church) tie to it?

    Pesticides (glyphosate as Round-up), Fluoride (more used in the US than the rest of the world combined), Chlorine (everywhere) & Bromine (in flour, soda, etc) clog up the pineal. I believe it tries to self protect by creating
    a calcification field around itself.

    *ANTIDOTES FOR THE PINEAL
    *For de-calcifying the pineal do the following:

    • 1 1/4 teaspoon of organic unfiltered apple cider vinegar, 2-6 seeds of hot pepper (slightly crushed) into the ACV. Let set for 4 to 5 minutes,
      drink with 7 oz pure water.
      DO THIS FOR 2 TO 4 WEEKS, LAY OFF OF IT FOR 4 DAYS AND REPEAT YOU WILL KNOW WHEN YOU ARE GETTING RESULTS

    • ORGANIC FOODS-50% RAW ( INCLUDE RAW CACAO, CILANTRO) *SPIRULINA DETOXES AND HEALS THE PINEAL THROUGH NOURISHMENT *OILS WOULD BE LAVENDER AND FRANKINCENSE

    • NON TOXIC FOODS WITH SPIRULINA

    • THOUGHTS OF COMPASSION TO CONSCIOUSLY MAKE CHOICES TO CREATE REALITY




    THE PITUITARY (7th Chakra-Violet-Gold)
    In vertebrate anatomy, the pituitary gland, is an endocrine gland about the size of a pea and weighing 0.5 grams (0.018 oz) in humans. It is a protrusion off the bottom of the hypothalamus at the base of the brain. It rests upon the hypophysial fossa of the sphenoid bone in the center of the middle cranial fossa and is surrounded by a small bony cavity (sella turcica) covered
    by a dural fold (diaphragma sellae).

    The anterior pituitary (or adenohypophysis) is a lobe of the gland that regulates several physiological processes (including stress, growth, reproduction, and lactation). The intermediate lobe synthesizes and secretes the melanocyte- stimulating hormone (anti-inflammatory). The posterior pituitary (or neurohypophysis) is a lobe of the gland that is functionally connected to the hypothalamus by the median eminence via a small tube called the pituitary stalk. The hypothalamus gives orders to the pituitary gland., which secretes ACTH (Adrenocorticotropic Hormone). ACTH stimulates Cortisol release.

    Other hormones secreted from the pituitary gland help control: growth, blood pressure, certain functions of the sex organs, thyroid glands and metabolism as well as some aspects of pregnancy, childbirth, nursing, water/salt concentration at the kidneys, temperature regulation and pain relief. The pituitary secretes HGH (somatotropin), which stimulates growth of the body
    and helps regulate metabolic processes.

    People feel younger and the body heals much faster when there is enough (or excess) growth hormone. The most important function of HGH is to tell the liver to produce IGF-1, or insulin-like growth factor 1. IGF-1 is considered by many to be the key anti-aging hormone. Together these two hormones influence every system in our body.


    *ANTEDOTE FOR PITUITARY:
    Lower carbohydrates and eliminate all refined carbohydrates. Omega 3 fatty acids help. Chaste Tree Berry, as well as vitamins C, E, copper, magnesium, and vitamin B complex all help.


 

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Disclaimer:
The provided information is for educational purposes only and not to be considered medical advice.
Please consult a healthcare professional for medical advice.